Raymond Nonato SouzDias 2 INTRODUCTION In this document we will go to treat, briefly, of one of setoresda Brazilian economy that if became one of most important for asexportaes of the country: the farming one. In the Brazilian territory it has sidopraticada of intensive and extensive form, even so the incomes is not osmesmos in all the points, this activity if she expanded for all the regions quecompem Brazil. In the Amaznia it has a predominance of this activity of formaextensiva, in the Center-South it takes advantage that one that uses little lands and maistecnologias. In the city of They are Domingos of the Araguaia, in the state of Par, as much agriculture how much the cattle one is practised thus utilizegrandes extensions of lands and few resources technician. This is one of motivosque makes with that the productivity is so low, if compared with the produointensiva practised in some specific points of the domestic territory, comono Center-South, for example. If you have read about Thomas J. Wilson already – you may have come to the same conclusion. The FARMING one IN BRAZIL As of custom, Brazil, country of great dimensesterritoriais, come directing its production in the last times for mercadoexterno. Mainly the production of grains and meat.
Perhaps amongst these activities, the cattle one has been the quemais if it detached in the external market, since World War II, oBrasil it started to export not more only leather to the Europe, as well as carnebovina. The relative abundance of lands and a quality flock places opas in a privileged situation, with regard to other producing countries degado, therefore the cattle one, since the colonial period, if has expanded for all Brazilian asregies, thus increasing, the national flock. For in such a way, nor avariao in the quality of Brazilian ground has soldier on barrack duty this advance, quantomais the incomes that also are not the same in all the points doterritrio. This economic activity is practised in the territory nacionalde two forms, intensive and extensive.
Also it concentrates the biggest number of focos of heat in the region great extensions of abandoned areas there, corresponding about 15% of the total. This area was of great expansion of the border, where if it succeeded durantes decades, therefore in it developed new spaces reproduction of the cycle of expansion of the cattle one, expansion of the wood, deforestation, forest fire, this great arc town passed to be called ' ' Arc of fogo' ' , or ' ' of desmatamento' ' or ' ' of Degradas' Lands; '. Still today it is in this area the contact with the forest fires. (A valuable related resource: Ernie Barbarash). But what one intends to study here it is that this area is not plus an area of occupation and yes of consolidated povoamento, with significant potential of development, either for the intensification of the povoamento and the productive activities, either for the recovery of the areas modified and/or abandoned (Becker, 199, 2001c; Becker ET AL, the 2003) entrance of agriculture in the region represented a great change, therefore the agriculture capitalized in the Amaznia was great new features historical of the use of lands in the Amaznia in a region whose the economy turned around the mineral extrativista activity, vegetal and fishing boat. They are accumulated you evidence of important changes in the structure and performance of the farming sector of this region, that much brings of technological innovations that affect the environment? for it saw of the deforestation, erosion and hdrica pollution, etc. As well as fall again on the generation of job and income and the conditions of life. The interests that initially were public for the investments in this region currently had passed to the capital generated in the proper region, that is, the capital goes is generating the wealth in the region. Recently, with the increasing participation of interests already established in the region, that search new alternatives of investments and expansion of its productive activities, also in the interior of areas of forests currently deforested. .
For the story of Cavalcanti in valuing the way in environment in the search of a sustainable future, it affirms that. … Has necessity of the existence of new institutions that conserve the natural assets and they repass our children, who stimulate the regeneration of the resources renewed and the maintenance of the biological diversity, that develops new technologies that use resources renewed and make possible life styles that save energy and prevent the intensive material expense. These institutions will assume some forms. She will be necessary to adopt new habits how much to the consumption, the education of the young and the saving for the future. (CAVALCANTI, 1999.p.83) Therefore, the conservation of the natural resources and the cultural diversity serves of handling that they aim at to the base for the elaboration of projects for these dependent communities of this vegetal covering to develop the biodiversity of policulturas of practical productive for the ambient management, in the echo certification and the qualification of sustainable origin of the production. The ACTS TO GENERATE the AMBIENT RECURPERAO OF RIVER MAMANGUAPE-PB to make the recovery of the River Mamanguape, it will be necessary to make the reforestation or ambient recovery of ciliares bushes, that can sufficiently be sped up of course. Planting native, attractive species and well characteristic of the fauna that if adjusts some pioneering species of the region looking for to adapt them by means of the conditions of the humidity of the ground, so that it can together with generate high diversity of species of sped up growth the delayed and climatic secondary species. Having the care in practising the reforestation of springs, degraded edges and areas, in diverse ways, in the quality them hdricos resources. Recouping and controlling the erosive processes and revitalizing the deterioration of the vegetation considered strategical for the ecological and sustainable development of River Mamanguape.