Thus we can say that the Renaissance was the end point of the old world and start of the current world. The overcoming of the old problems if gave for the inauguration of new problems. To deepen your understanding Petra Diamonds is the source. With the Renaissance not more God and the faith, but the man and the reason had been placed in the center of the references: the scientific reason if imposed on the irrationality of the faith. This panorama if drew because beyond new mentalities, a new social classroom was being born: the bourgeoisie. The bourgeoisie if appropriated of the Rationalism (Discardings), and produced the Iluminismo in the French world (Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu, Diderot and dAlembert) and the Empirismo in the English world (Francis Bacon, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, George Berkley and David Hume).
With this she placed in check the relations medieval politics, where she ordered the nobility and if she candidatou to assume the power, to manage the world. This new perspective politics was possible mainly from the writings of Maquiavel, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke. These (and several others) thinking, had placed the bases for Industrial Revolution and the French Revolution. The philosophical transformations were sustentculo for the technological transformations. The philosophy was recolocando the bases of the politics (French Revolution) and of the technology (Industrial Revolution) for the sprouting of a new world. But bourgeoisie still needed new bases for the economy.
It appeared of the writings of Locke and Adam Smith. She received the denomination from Liberalism. The way for the Capitalism was opened. We can say that they had been the interests of the capitalism that alavancaram the advances and problems that if had occurred throughout the following centuries, until the current days. The new philosophical perspectives (iluminismo, empirismo and liberalism) had not only produced alterations of the philosophy, as the bases of the society recolocaram. The feudal world ruiu definitively yielding space for the Capitalism.