The domicile can be considered an only place so that the nurse gives assistance, leading in account the economic, social, affective aspects, the historical questions and the cultural experiences of the familiar ones. Ahead of this, the rendering of services of health in the domicile is one return to the roots humanists in the attention to the health, therefore the patient is returned to its half one of social and familiar conviviality, and the attendance is carried through by a team of multiprofessional health. This modality of assistance counts on the modern technology for the carried through cares, what it allows that its sources, between which if finds the internment domiciliary, are retaken and used widely and successfully, in the assistance the health of the population (DAL, 2001). In this direction, one understands that the rendering of services of health in the domicile means more than what to make visits to the domicile. It means to give to total assistance to the patient being able to act in the promotion, prevention, recovery and whitewashing of the health of the individual, family and community.
Situations exist that they need bigger domiciliary attention due to the conditions, amongst them, patient carrier of chronic illness that presents physical deficiency; patient in terminal phase; aged patient with locomotion difficulty and/or that he lives alone; patient egress of hospital, that needs accompaniment for some condition incapacitates that it to appear to the unit of health; patient with other problems of health including insanity, that determines difficulties of locomotion or adequacy to the environment of the unit of health (LOPES 2003). On the basis of the displayed one, the domiciliary attendance is essential to recoup and to promote the health. Ahead of this, the nurse can follow the individual and its family, educate and develop the behavior change, and to request the aid of other professionals for the resolution of problems and prevention of illnesses and agravos to the health. In this direction, the professional nurse in the domicile will be able to have a bigger compression to adopt professional behaviors and abilities to give quality assistance and to develop strategies to take care of to the necessities of the patient/family.